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TOY Trading Ltd is the biggest independent & family run Engineeer's Merchant and a specialist stockist / distributor of Industrial Fasteners, supplying quality Hand Tools, Power Tools, Industrial & Engineering Supplies in our area. Based in Redditch, just to the south of Birmingham (England / UK), we are only 10 minutes drive from M42 J3, and in an excellent position to deliver within a 30mile radius of Redditch on our own transport, as well as nationally on a carrier service.
We are main agents / authorised stockists and distributors of tools & workshop equipment from reputable manufacturers such as King Dick Tools, Sealey Tools, Britool, Stanley, Unior, and Silverline, all the major names in Power Tools including Makita, DeWalt Power Tools, Bosch and Hitachi Power Tools, HSS & Cobalt cutting Tools from Linear Tools & Metalbor, Taps & Dies from G&J Hall, Threadwise & Linear Tools, solid carbide indexable inserts from TaeguTec & Toolmex, as well as Workshop Consumables such as lubricants, abrasives, adhesives, gloves, workwear, paper towels, hand cleaner etc.
Building on over 30 years supplying Fasteners to manufacturing, maintenance and engineering industry both locally and nationally and incorporating the history of A&M Fastener & Engineering Supplies Ltd and The Tool Centre (Redditch), TOY Trading Ltd have expanded their range of products further, and can now offer a comprehensive range of industrial products, as you would expect from any Engineer's Merchant. As well as supplying to industry as an Engineers Merchant, we are also open to the public offering a trade counter service.
We are pleased to announce that we are also Premier Toolbank Stockists - a title which gives us access to over 25,000 hand and power tools and more than 200 recognised brands, including Toolbank's own Faithfull Tools brand. Most items from the Toolbank Premier range are available for national next day supply - please click here for our to buy from our full online shop of engineering tools.
Excerpts from "The Big Blue Book" of Tools - "The Good Tool Guide"
Error's and ommisions exlcuded - this is intended primarily as a guide, not a legally accurate document. We accept no responsibility for any errors, or the results of any incidents whether directly or indirectly influenced or caused by any information herein.
Legislation & Safety Precautions
The Glossary below sumarises some of the imporant parts of British & European safety legislation and breifly describes the work of organisations which are concerned wih safety standards, accident prevention and raising public awareness of safety issues in our daily lives.
The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
The Act laid down that those responsible for the conduct of undertakings must protect the health and safety of hird parties who may be affected. It introduced the concept of "reasonable practicality" to the arena of safety at work in a move away from he prescriptive regime that had existed under the earlier Factories Act. The Act intentionally gave to employers flexibility in their management of safety risks a work and greater emphasis on self regulation. The UK's low fatal accident rate of 1 per 100,000 of the workforce is now the envy of Western Europe.
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 1988 (COSHH)
These regulations enlarged the scope of the Health and Safety at Work Act by providing a legal framework for controlling peoples' exposure to (and indeed risk of exposure to) hazardous substances arising out of work activities. The regulations came into force in October 1989 with transitional provisions up to January 1990/
COSHH sets out clear objectives, practical procedures, and codes of practice for risk assesment, monitoring, the prevention and control of exposure (or where this cannot be done, to have appropriate health surveillance in place) and finally, training of personnel. Manufactured goods falling within these regulations must have appropriate labelling, warning information and advice on treatment should accidents occur.
Risks are classed as follows;
Hazardous substances are graded from "irritant", "corrosive", "harmful", "toxic" to "poison".
Limits of exposure for many substances are defined by Occupational Exposure Limits (OEL's - see below) and Maximum Exposure Limits (MELs).
There is a category for micro-organisms which may cayse illness arrising in connection with work (eg disease from laboratory animals).
Risk from dusts when present in substantial quantities.
Any other substance wich creates a comparable risk to the above.
The regulations do not apply to the control of asbestos or lead, or, risks arrising solely from radiation, noise, pressure, flamability, heat and cold. These are covered by more appropriate legislation sepcific to the hazard.
Offensive Weapons Act 1996
As from January 1997 it is an offence to sell to any person under 16 years of age;
Any knife, knife blade, or razor blade.
Any other article which has a blade or is sharply pointed and is made or can be adapted for causing injury to the person.
Intoxicating Substances Supply Act 1985
It is an offence for any person to supply a substance to anyone under the age of 18, or if he knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the substance or it's fumes are likely to be ingested or inhaled by the recipient for the purpose of causing intoxication.
The European Union has laid down requirements to cover the design and construction of certain (but not all) categories of products which are in this website.
These are covered by a number of different directives and their scope is expected to expand. Currently, manjor ones affecting tools and associated products are;
PPE - Personal Protective Equipment which is concerned with products such as gloves, respirators and other safety equipment.
The low voltage directive which covers most mains-powered products.
A further directive on electro-magnetic radiation is principally concerned with ensuring that even low-power battery items such as torches and cordless tools do not give rise to interference with other electronic products.
Where such a directive exists and manufacturers have ensured that their products conform to the criteria laid down, then the product or its packaging or labels attached to it will indicate conformity by marking with the initials CE. In some cases the letters are acompanied by a year which may indicate the year of manufacture.
It is important to appreciate that CE marking usually only refers to conformity with the general guidelines and does not in any way offer a guarantee that the product will perform in a certain manner other than it is generally sade and appropriate for the use for which it is intended.
The ISO9000 serieas of registrations shoulod never be applied to products, but refers to the management systems of companies who have accreditation to one of the 9000 standards by opperating formal quality systems.
The implementation of good standards of safety and safety training is part of the accreditation process.
The Health & Safety Executive
The Health & Safety Executive was set up in 1974 with powers of prosecution and an inspectorate to seek compliance wih health and safety reulations.
The HSE has gradually increased the range of ways in which it works, now that almost 45% of the labour market works in firms with fewer than 50 workers.
Their approach has become more that of risk assesors, encouraging prevention through the use of seminars, workshops and campaigns, emphasising the business benefits that accrue to companies whose employees work safely.
The Health & Safety Commission
The Health & Safety Commission has more of a reforming function:
The HSC is responsible for setting health and safety policy;
To review how to reduce the adminstrative burden of this legislation for small firms and businesses;
It examines the steady flow of European safety legislaion (which is still largely presciptive in nature and tends to work agains deregulaion initiatives undertaken by the UK) to avoid unnecessary changes, upheval and cost to industry.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA)
Established in 1941, RoSPA is one of the world's leading safety organisations whose aim is to reduce the toll of injuries from accidents.
It is a completely independant professional body and a registered charity, wih representation on government committees, those of the British Sandards Institution and of research and educational bodies.
RoSPA pursues a policy of education, training schemes, conferences and courses throughout all areas of public safety, road users, leisure activites, the home and occupational safety and health.
Awards are made to firms which have achieved outstanding succeses in industry.
National Poisons Information Service (NPIS)
NPIS comprises of a network of centres throughout the UK. This emergency service provides the medical proffession only with risk assesment and advice on medical cases where a toxicological emergency has arisen.
Contaminant - A substance that contaminates another - an example would be the contamination of drinking water by benzene.
Occupational Exposure Limits - An OEL concentration of an airborne substance averaged over a reference period, at which, according to current knowledge, there is no evidence that it is likely to be injurious to individuals if the are exposed by inhalations, day after day to that concentration. Values are given in milligrams per cubic metre (mg/m3) for particulates and parts per millions (ppm) for gases and vapours. OELs are specified in a list approved by the Health & Safety Executive.
Fume mist or vapour - These terms have almost the same meaning and can be confusing. In the terminology of safety, a "mist" is take to mean a suspension of minute particles in the air. A particle mis requires the protection of dust filtering masks. However "fumes" (ie when used in a expression "acid fumes") means that the substance is a vapour and refers o hydrocarbon vapours such as alcohols or aldehydes for example. These are not particulate dusts and require the protection of finer charcoal based vapour filters. The packaging for filters is increasingly being marked with a recommended shelf life.
Immediate Debilitating Life Hazard (IDLH) Value - where the concentration of contaminant in the atmosphere poses and immediate hazard to life, or would produce an immediate irreversible debilitating effect on health. Values are give in milligrams per cubic metre (mg/m3) for particulates and parts per million (ppm) for gases and vapours.
When using toxic flammable liquids the following basic precautions should be taken.
Working area should be well ventilated.
Where possible work in the open air when using adhesives and sealants.
Do not smoke when using adhesives.
Do not operate electric tools, heaters, or switches until all fumes have disappeared.
All naked flames should be extinguished including pilot lights.
Where possible avoid contact with the skin.
Always wear appropriate protective clothing, if adhesive gets into contact with the eyes seek medical advice immediately.
Tools can be dangerous if incorrectly used or abused. The following information gives common sense advice to remind the tool user of the practical precautions that can be taken to avoid accidents.
Be safety conscious.
Nothing in these guidelines should be thought to supercede or to alter or to take preference over manufacturers' instructions.
Always read the manufacturers' insructions carefully.
Where no instructions are issued, ask the seller if you have any queries about how to use the tool which you are purchasing.
Remember to keep the workpiece securely held and to ensure that when working with tools the operator has a good firm foothold, is well balanced and the floor is clean.
Choose the correct tool.
Always use the right tool for the job. Only use tools for the purpose for which they are designed.
Do not try to "make do" with others (and example of "making do" might be the incorrect use of a screwdriver or other steel tools instead of a case opener).
Always use the right size of tool (for example - the wrong size screwdriver blade may skid across the slot, the wrong size spanner may slip, both of which could cause personal injury as well as spoiling the work).
Safety when cutting.
When using a hand saw take particular care to ensure that the workpiece is held in a vice or clamp. Keep the free hand well away from the teeth of the saw.
Remember that cutting tools are safer when the edges are kept sharp and properly honed. The cutting process is then easier.
Keep cuting tools away from the body, work in the direction away from it and not towards it (whenever possible).
Always keep cutting tools guarded when tools are not in use or when they are being transported (for example keep chisel rolls or remember to fit chisel guards when not in use).
Safety when striking.
Always be careful with any striking tool, only use a club hammer to drive cold chisels and only using a mallet to drive wood chisels.
One of the most frequesnt serious accidents which occurs in the use of hand tols is caused by steel splinters from incorrectly tempered or inferior hammers and cold chisels.
All good quality hammers have hardened striking faces and special care should be exercised when using against metals which may have been hardened. For example -nail driving hammers should never be incorrectly used as club hammers to drive cold chisels.
Remember that there is a range of soft-faced hammers for use on certain brittle products.
Safe use of 115 volt power supply.
A standard electric motor is designed for one voltage only. Always check that the power supply corresponds to the voltage on the rating plate. Do not attepmt to operate a 115v motor on a 240v supply or vice versa.
Single phase 115v machines must be connected to the plug using the relevant coding. Always ensure that the cable is properly secured by the clamp in the plug and that no stray wires protrude from the plug casing.
The end of the cable should be suitably prepared and the correct type of plug fitted. Ensure that the wires are clamped and that none are trapped in the plug casing when re-assembling. If in doubt aska a qualified electrician to fit it for you. 115v plugs do not have an internal fuse like domestic 240v plugs. The plug should comply with BS EN60309 (BS4343), with a 16 amp rating.
The standard voltage through out all European Union countries is now 230v. Safety and performance will not be affected on equipment currently rated at 240v.
The Plugs and Sockets (Safety) Regulations 1994 requires that all new domestic appliances must be sold with a plug already pre-fitted to the tool, or where Earopean plugs are fitted, a converter.
Ensure any plug is fitted correctly; if in doubt ask a qualified elecrician to do it for you. Ensure that the correctly rated fuse is fitted to the plug to suit the power tool or appliance being used.
Never use an electric tool without ensuring that you have read the instructions issued by the manufacturer. If they are missing ask your dealer to obtain them for you.
Although instructions are not always issued for hand tools, there should always be instructions for a power tool.
When using an electrical or power-driven saw or tool, ensure that the work is firmly held, keeping both hands on the tool and well away from the cutting piece.
When using an electrical tool (particularly outdoors) we recommed the use of a reidual current device (circuit breaker or RCD) for enhanced protection.
To check that a socket is correctly wired, we recommend the use of a 13amp socket tester.
Wear Safety Clothing.
Standards are strictly laid down for the manufacture of protective wear. Many items available are produced to British Standard specification in which case they should be marked accordingly. Care should be exercised when making purchases and selecting the right standard for the job.
We particularly draw your atention to the range of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) shown in the Safety Clothing and Footwear sections of this site and our catalogue.
Remember that it is imporant to wear a respirator when there may be toxic substances present in the atmosphere. Regular absorption of an irritant often takes several months of years for an irreversible sensitisation to take place. If there is any risk from asbestosor lead you should consult manufacturers on the appropriate level of protection.
EN140 - Standard for Protection, Half Mask Respirators.
EN141 - Standard for Protection against Organic Gas / Vapours & Solvents
EN143 - Standard for Protection against Nuisance Dusts, Sawdusts, Fine Powders, Mists, Agrigrain, Smoke etc.
EN149 - Standard for Protection against Fine Particles, Roof Insulation, Mineral Wool etc.
EN405 - Standard for Protection against Solid or Water Based Aerosols in Solution or Suspension
Comfort Masks - Purely for Nuisance Relief from Non-Toxic Dusts & Pollens etc. Not tested to any filtering standard.
To ensure the correct choice of equipment consult manufacturers before purchasing respirators and quote the chemical to be used and application.
Goggles & Face Shields.
Remember a general rule to wear goggles wen there could be flying chips or dust particles which might damage the eyes. A full face shield will help protect the face and neck in jobs where liquids and sprays would cause dermatitis.
BS2093 Grade 1 EN166B - Faceshields and goggles that meet grade 1 impact have been tested to resist a 6.35mm (1/4 inch) steel ball projected at 120m/sec (290ft/sec) without the lens breaking.
BS2092 Grade 2 EN166F - Spectacles and goggles that meet grade 2 impact have been tested to resist a 6.35mm (1/4 inch) steel ball projected at 45m/se (150 ft/sec) without the lens breaking.
Every effort should be taken at all times to protect the eards from unnecessary noise. Progressive exposure to excessive noise could cause deafness or tinnitus late in life.
There are two categories for ear protectors within EN 352
Ear Protectores to protect the Whole Ear (EN 352-1)
Ear plugs which you insert comfrotably into the ear canal (EN 352-2)
The protection you choose should provide the required level of assumed protection agaisnt noise levels over a frequenc range. Ensure that you read the performance data and any applicable cleaning instructions, which should be contained in the product packaging.
(Ear plugs should not be worn when swimming or diving; never use earplugs that have been worn or used by others)
The hand is the area of the body most likely to be injured in an accident, so be on guard against trapping points, sharp edges and projections on machines.
Appropriate gloves can be selected from our range and should always be worn when working with chemicals or solvents, or when lifting or loading equipment.
Helmets protect against falling objects. Remember to wear your helmet in areas where its use is obligatory, when working under other structures or for instance, underneath vehicles.
Regularly inspect the helmet for damage, ie chips or cracks etc. Replace the helmet with a new one if any damage is found. The common standard is BS5240 EN 397.
When wearing overalls, these should be sufficiently close fitting without restricting movement. Loose ends of clothing (ie ties & belts) must be tucked in to avoid catching in moving machinery. Do not wear oil saturated overalls, this may lead to skin conditions that require medical attention.
Safe use of Aerosols & Cleaning Agents.
Store in a cool place out of direct light.
Never puncture a container.
Never incinerate a container, even when empty.
Follow maker's instructions written on the container.
Do not smoke or use near any source of ignition.
There are hazards with most cleaning agents.
Some cleaning agents may cause severe hand complaints.
Others are flammable and manu can become toxic under certain circumstances.
Follow carefully the instructions provided with the cleaners and check if gloves are required.
Do not use in confined spaces; open external doors and windows to provide good air flow around the equipment to be cleaned.
Always wear a mask or respirator when using cleaning agents or solvents.
Never mix different cleaning agents or solvents together.
Do not smoke, or use near any source of ignition.
Safe use of Laser Equipment.
The lasers used in hand tool products such as levels are of the Class 2 Type - that is to say they are safe to be used withouth the requirement for special training. Nevertheless the pont beam is powerful enough to be seen on a surface upto 50m away in daylight. Users should take care to ensure the beam does not point directly into poeple's or animals' eyes when the equipment is on. Never look directly into a laser beam - all levels carry a warning to this effect.